Understanding The ECUs: The Smart Component That Controls Your Cars
It's safe to say that the bundle of machinery standing in your garage consists of several machines, including an engine, brakes, batteries and clutches. Yes, we're talking about your beloved, the cars!
But do you know about the component that allows the smooth functioning of your vehicle? Well, it’s the ECU (Electronic Control Unit) – the device found inside your car that is responsible for commanding your entire car's machinery.
In short, ECUs like Motec ECU or haltech elite 750 receive input from a single or many parts of the car and decide what to do next. More than 100 ECUs installed inside your car make sure that the car is working just fine.
So, if you are interested in your car's mechanic, take out some time to read this one. Let’s discover what an ECU is, the different types available and how it works to ensure better functionality of your car. Here we go!
What Is An Electronic Control Unit (ECU)?
An ECU is a small unit that controls the mechanics of electronic features of your cars. They can either be installed near the fuel injection systems or near your airbags.
For instance, when a vehicle is about to crash, an airbag ECU receives a signal from the crash sensors and seat sensors of the car. After the signal is received, the ECU evaluates which airbag to deploy, depending upon where the passenger is seated.
It then tells the actuators to deploy the assigned airbag. A single car might contain several electronic control units for functions like assisted parking, engine performance, airbag deployment, memory seats and security features.
Different Types Of ECUs
Here are the different types of electronic control units available for your cars:
Engine Control Module
Engine controlling modules like Motec ECU or haltech elite 750 keeps in check the following things:
- Ignition time
- Fuel consumption
- Fuel left
In short, it controls everything from igniting the vehicle to providing the passenger with the needed information about fuel consumption.
Brake Control Module
Brake control ECUs are usually used in vehicles with ABS. These devices ensure the proper working of brakes and stop the wheels from skidding. It also manages when to activate brakes and when not to so that the wheel does not get locked on its own.
Transmission Control Module
ECUs used for transmission controls usually keep the ignition in check. They also assess everything from RPM to the proper acceleration of the vehicle.
Telematic Control Module
Similar to the transmission control module, this ECU ensures that everything, including onboard services, are up and running.
Suspension Control Module
These ECUs are usually present in a car with active suspension systems. They are responsible for controlling the suspension and adjusting the tension between the wheels.
Getting The Right ECU For You
It is best to connect with a trained and professional mechanic who knows everything about cars when installing ECU. This is important, especially if you want to install engine electronic control units like haltech elite 750 or Motec ECU. You can also ask the mechanic for a guarantee.